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Hans Holbein the Younger
(1497/8 - 1543)

Hans Holbein the Younger (1497-1543). Born in Augsburg, Bavaria, Hans received his first lessons in art from his father. In 1515 the younger Holbein went to Basel, Switzerland, with his brother, Ambrosius. Among the many scholars living in Basel at that time was the famous Dutch humanist Erasmus, who befriended the young artist and asked him to illustrate his satire, Encomium Moriae (The Praise of Folly). Holbein also illustrated other books, including Martin Luther's German translation of the Bible. In addition he painted pictures and portraits and, like his father, designed stained-glass windows. He also created designs for a series of 41 woodcuts called The Dance of Death.

About 1525 the factional strife that accompanied the Reformation made Basel a difficult place for an artist to work. In 1526 Holbein, carrying a letter of introduction from Erasmus to the English statesman and author Sir Thomas More, set out for London. He met with a favorable reception in England and stayed there for two years. In 1528 he returned to Basel, where he painted portraits and murals for the town hall. In 1532 he left his wife and children there and traveled once again to London.

In England, where he became court painter to Henry VIII, Holbein was known chiefly as a painter of portraits. His services were much in demand. The more than 100 miniature and full-size portraits he completed at Henry's court provide a remarkable document of that colorful period. An old account of his services at court relates that he painted the portrait of the king, "life size, so well that everyone who looks is astonished, since it seems to live as if it moved its head and limbs." In spite of their richness of detail, Holbein's portraits provide remarkably little insight into the personality and character of the people he painted.

Holbein also found time to perform numerous services for Henry. He designed the king's state robes and made drawings that were the basis of all kinds of items used by the royal household, from buttons to bridles to bookbindings. In 1539, when Henry was thinking of marrying Anne of Cleves, he sent Holbein to paint her portrait. In 1543 Holbein was in London working on another portrait of the king when he died, a victim of the plague.

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The Virgin and Child with the family of Burgomaster Meyer
1528 (120 Kb); Altar-painting; oil on wood, 146.5 x 102 cm (57 5/8 x 40 1/8 in); Schlossmuseum, Darmstadt

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 Sir Brian Tuke
c. 1527 (130 Kb); Oil on wood, 49 x 39 cm (19 3/8 x 15 1/4 in); National Gallery of Art, Washington

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Georg Gisze, a German merchant in London
1532 (200 Kb); Oil on wood, 96.3 x 85.7 cm (38 x 33 3/4 in); Gemaldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin

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Sir Richard Southwell
1536 (140 Kb); Oil on wood, 47.5 x 38 cm (18 x 15 in); Uffizi, Florence

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Portrait of Lady Elyot. 1532-3. Chalk, pen and brush on paper. Royal Collection, Windsor, UK.

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Portrait of Sir Thomas Elyot. 1532-3. Chalk, pen and brush on paper. Royal Collection, Windsor, UK

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The Ambassadors. 1533. Oil on wood. National Gallery, London, UK.
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Portrait of Edward, Prince of Wales. 1539. Oil on wood. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA

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Portrait of Henry VIII. 1540. Oil on panel. Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome, Italy.
헨리 8세 와  앤 볼린 "1000일의 앤"
Posted by @artnstory 아트중독

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  1. @artnstory 아트중독 2009.10.22 01:31 신고 Address Modify/Delete Reply

    르네상스 부터
    이태리 르네상스 작가들은 초상화의 배경에 자연을 넣었다면,
    북유럽 르네상스 작가들은 초상화의 배경에 그들의 신분을 알릴수 있는 의상, 상징적인 소품, 글씨들이 보여진다.